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Narsis Research

That day at the WTO, I was set to interview officials about the biofuels case. My host, an officer in the organization’s Secretariat, brought me up a finely constructed staircase and down a hallway lined with offices painted in very light gray.

My first interviewee, a member of the Committee on Trade and Environment (a subcommittee of the WTO’s Seretariat) began to explain what her group had been doing on biofuels. She explained that while biofuels had not explicitly been discussed in her committee, carbon footprinting had been on the agenda since 2001. But nothing tangible had been done on the issue. (more…)

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Like the settlers that fanned across the plains during westward expansion, pioneer riparian trees like cottonwoods and willows are particularly hardy and well suited to the unpredictable life of a changing river.

Due in part to their fast growth and large size, these pioneer tree species provide important structure and function, for example, in food web dynamics, nutrient cycling, erosion control, and as a habitat for fish (as trees and branches fall into the river) and wildlife. (more…)

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What To Look For In The FSMA

On Monday, August 31 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that the final Preventive Controls Rules for Human and Animal Food have been submitted to the Federal Register for publication, which means farmers and processors are one step closer to new food safety standards that will shortly go into effect. It will likely take several more days for the final rules to be available for public viewing, but FDA’s announcement today tacitly acknowledges that FDA is, in effect, meeting its court-ordered deadline to finalize these rules by August 30.

As the final food safety rules are published, NSAC will undertake a thorough analysis of the final rules and provide information and materials to help explain them. For the Preventive Controls Rule for Human Food in particular, we will be looking to the see whether FDA made much-needed adjustments to the final definition of what constitutes a “farm,” in order to draw a clearer line between farms that are covered by the new facility rule and farms that are not.

We will also be paying close attention to an issue that arose during the second comment period on the proposed rule, which would require – in certain circumstances – farms and facilities to have onsite audits.

Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)

This requirement directly contradicts clear statutory language in the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) that explicitly prohibited FDA from requiring farms or facilities to hire third parties to audit, certify, or implement food safety practices as part of the rules. This critical language – championed by Senator Michael Bennet (D-CO) – was added to FSMA during the legislative debates to protect against excessive costs and administrative burdens on small and very small farms and food enterprises subject to these rules.

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3 Inter panuk 30.210 0.5 Ratna dewi Scrummoff

Last week, Senator Bennet delivered a letter to FDA, emphasizing this very point. In the letter, the Senator reminded FDA of the clear statutory language and the intent behind it — to avoid placing additional pressures and costs on small farms. NSAC applauds the Senator for this letter, and for speaking out on this issue. We will be looking closely to the final rule once published to determine whether FDA followed the letter and the spirit of the law on this issue, among others.

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Its Sticky Post – Always in Front

Earlier this month, USDA released new findings that shed some light on who exactly owns the 911 million acres of farmland in the U.S. (excluding Alaska and Hawaii), and how they are managing that land now and in the future. USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and the Economic Research Service (ERS) jointly conducted the 2014 Tenure, Ownership, and Transition of Agricultural Land Survey (TOTAL) earlier last year.

The results of this survey provide updated statistics to a prior study conducted in 1999. (more…)

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